So he decided to withdraw to Norway, and use to the full her speed advantage of five knots. However, she was unaware that three British cruisers were approaching from the east. In early 1942, the two ships made a daylight dash up the English Channel from occupied France to Germany. This in turn prompted the German navy to begin plans for a more powerful battlecruiser design. Neptun T1003B German Battleship Scharnhorst Camouflaged 1943 1/1250 Scale Model. SMS Scharnhorst was the flagship of German Vice-Admiral Maximilian Graf von Spee's East Asia Squadron. However, is it any more credible than the official position? German warships in a Norwegian port, probably Trondheim, in June 1940. The 10.5 cm guns fired at a rate of 15–18 rounds per minute, and had an effective ceiling of 12,500 m (41,010 feet). Norway's … The ships' stern was also frequently "wet", they were very slow entering a turn, and always required assistance from tugboats in shallow waters. The wreck has recently been discovered on the sea bed, giving us new information about a gripping tale of war. Last updated 2011-02-17. From now till the sinking of Scharnhorst, the simulator will reproduce every movement of HMS Duke of York. Another air raid, this time 15 Blackburn Skuas launched by the Royal Navy's HMS Ark Royal, followed on 13 June. While the 28.3 cm guns were of a smaller caliber than main guns of other navies, they were still preferred by a number of gunnery officers in the Kriegsmarine due to their higher rate of fire. [13] In English language reference works they are sometimes referred to as battleships and sometimes as battlecruisers. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Peddinghaus 1/200 Scharnhorst German Battleship Markings WWII Norway 1943 3317 at the best online prices at … $121.95 + shipping. [70] At 19:25, the light cruiser Jamaica fired three torpedoes, followed by six from Belfast. replied the Admiralty. The turrets were named, in alphabetical order from the bow of the ship: "Anton", "Bruno" and "Cäsar". Her conning tower was set back a little from the two forward turrets, near the funnel. Krupp would build the new 38 cm turrets, which required strengthening of the barbette structures to support their weight. [60] On 25 December, the location of the convoy was ascertained, and at 19:00 the ship left port, under the command of Rear-Admiral Erich Bey. Their upper armored deck was 50 mm (2.0 in) thick, and backed by the main armor deck. Only 36 men were rescued, out of a crew of 1,968. [41] On 8 February, they spotted a convoy, HX 106, but it was escorted by the battleship HMS Ramillies, armed with eight 38 cm (15 in) guns. [47], Scharnhorst completed engine repairs and the retubing of the defective superheaters in July, and after engine trials, was dispersed to La Pallice on 23 July to avoid a concentration of heavy units in Brest. Scharnhorst presented an imposing silhouette, with three triple turrets, a heavy bridge superstructure, and a single large stack. Shortly thereafter, Belfast fired star shells to illuminate the target, and Norfolk opened fire with her 20.3 cm (8 in) guns; in the span of 20 minutes, she hit Scharnhorst twice. The German ships therefore broke off the attack. At 16:17, five British destroyers attempted to torpedo the German ships, but heavy fire from Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen mauled one and forced the others to turn away. [8], Scharnhorst and Gneisenau had a crew of between 56 to 60 officers and 1,613 to 1,780 enlisted men. Scharnhorst was hit at least four times by torpedoes fired by HMS Scorpion and HNoMS Stord. The two ships participated in Operation Weserübung, the German invasion of Norway. Don't forget building supplies! [16] In 1933, Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany; he made clear to the naval command that he had no intention of building a large fleet to challenge British supremacy at sea. By Norman Fenton The KMS Scharnhorst was the lead ship of the Scharnhorst class of fast battleships. [2], Their anti-aircraft battery consisted of fourteen 10.5 cm C/33 L/65 guns, sixteen 3.7 cm L/83 guns, and between ten and twenty 2 cm guns. The four diesel generators were divided into pairs: two provided 150 kilowatts each and two supplied 300 kW each. Select a thumbnail to see the picture full-size. During that refit, a large hangar for the ship's aircraft was added amidships. The layout of the surviving weaponry, like torpedo launchers and gun-turrets, leaves no doubt. It was supported by 105 mm (4.1 in) thick slopes on either longitudinal side. The latter escaped unscathed, but the former was struck four times; 72 men were killed and another 90 were wounded. Scharnhorst and several destroyers sortied from Norway to attack a convoy; the Germans were instead intercepted by British naval patrols. Several more air attacks followed over the next two hours, without success for the British. After 1942, six 53.3 cm deck-mounted torpedo tubes were taken from the light cruisers Leipzig and Nürnberg and installed on the ships, with storage for 18 G7a torpedoes. The central portion of the belt was backed by 170 mm (6.7 in) thick shields. [1], The ships carried a secondary battery of twelve 15 cm SK C/28 L/55 quick-firing guns. More about the Battleship Scharnhorst-class battleship. They were the first class of German ships to be officially classified by the Kriegsmarine as Schlachtschiff (battleship). It was their ship, their pride and joy, and after the Home Fleet had finished with her, she was at the bottom of the Barents Sea.'. [58] On 8 March, Scharnhorst and four destroyers departed Gotenhafen; she arrived off Narvik on 14 March. However, her escape bid was foiled when one of her boiler rooms took a direct hit, slowing her dramatically. Only 36 men were rescued, out of a crew of 1,968. During the Battle of the North Cape (26 December 1943), the Royal Navy battleship HMS Duke of York and her escorts sank Scharnhorst. During the battle of North Cape, a force led by the Royal Navy battleship HMS Duke of York sank Scharnhorst. That morning of the 26th, Scharnhorst was only an hour from the Murmansk-bound convoy. In-box reviews. The third also failed to detonate. [71] She sank at the position .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}72°16′0″N 28°41′0″E / 72.26667°N 28.68333°E / 72.26667; 28.68333. 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